VARMA KALAI – The Art of Varma (Marmam)


The lord given many valuable life arts to the people through the SIDDHARS. They include YOGA, MEDICINE, MARTIAL ARTS, PSYCHOLOGY etc… they are totally 64. The all life philosophies are included in this 64 arts. Each of them has many literatures. All the literatures are written by the SIDDHARS. But they are written in PARIBASHA. Ordinary people could not understand them. So some people join to the GURUKULAM as SISHYAS in which the SIDDHARS are taught them about the arts. All of them are not master in all the subjects. So whatever they learn they write them as SASTHRAS and they given the names. So collection of all the literatures only give us the  full detail about a art.

For example the art VARMANIAM has the following literatures,

1.       Varma chuthiram

2.       Varma alavu nool

3.       Varma kannadi

4.       Varma kandi

5.       Varma kodari

6.       Narmabu vagada thiravugol

7.       Rathina kodi thiravugol

In the above literatures the first five have the detail about the location of the varmam points, some adangal points and ilakku muraigal. The last two has the detail of adangal muraigal, naadi sasthiram, sara ottam, sivakalaigal and medicines.

            So to learn the art of Varmaniam we have to study all the literatures.


To learn this Sasthiram the sishya should get the hope of the GURU. Then only the Guru will teach the following to the sishya, they are physical exercises, martial arts (anga chuvadugal 64, nedunkambu12, kurungambu 18, weapon pracitices). After getting good training of the above arts, the sishya will learn meditation from the Guru. Then the Guru will teach some varma points and he will give some literatures about them. During this type of teaching he will teach the Padu varmam 12, thodu varmam 96, meitheenda kaalam, vetri pachilai, thattu varmam 8, uzhl varmam 6. Then after getting thorough knowledge about this he will teach Ilaaku murai and adangal methods, sathiyam, asathiyam. Then he will teach naadi 10, saram, mukkutram, pancha pakshi, 96 thathuvangal. After this he will teach medicines such as churanam, lehyam, mathirai, kashayam etc… after this some guru teach about mantras and tantras to the sisyas.



1.       Thilartha kaalam (Centre of the eyebrow)

2.       Natchathira kaalam – near the lateral end of the orbit of the eye

3.       Chevi kuthi kaalam – back of the ear lobule (on the stylo mastoid foramen)

4.       Uchi Padhappam – in the vertex of the skull

5.       Kannadi kaalam – in the centre of the nose

6.       Koombu varmam – Bottom of the sternum

7.       Urumi kaalam – 4 fingers above the umbilicus

8.       Athi churukki kaalam – Just above the hip near superior iliac spine

9.       Mooladhara  varmam – in coccyx

10.   Kallidai kaalam – centre of the testis for men, centre of clitoris for women

11.   Thummi kaalam – inter clavicular notch

12.   Adappa kaalam – below armpit

To start with:

  • Places above neck – 37 places
  • Places below neck – 34 places
  • Places back of the body – 16 places
  • Places in legs – 11 places
  • Places in hands – 10 places


These are totally 6 in numbers. These are very dangerous. If these points are damaged they will cause many sever problems, and after certain number of days the man will die. If the point is injured the man will develop psychic problems. They may cause the following problems deaf, heart failure, lung failure, Asthma, Ascites. The five sense organs will be affected by diseases.

The Uzhl varmam points are

1.       Ul moolai thattu

2.       Irudhaya thattu

3.       Kumbu thattu

4.       Tharai thattu

5.       Linga yoni thattu

6.       Meitheenda kaalam


They are eight in numbers. These points are mainly used in therapeutic aspect only. The points are situated in the Puratharai 8. If these points are injured It will mainly affect the kalai ottam. That will cause dyspnoea. The pitham will increase if the point injured. The eight points are

1.       Iratha saya varmama

2.       Karunya varmam

3.       Aali varmam

4.       Komberi kaalam

5.       Sangu thiri kaalam

6.       Moothira kaalam

7.       Ulumi kaalam

8.       Siru kudal aali varmam


They are 96 in numbers. All the points are not dangerous, but some points show symptoms like Padu varmam injury. Some points will reduce the number of days in life; some points causes permanent disability or diseases.

Some points will cause small injury and after some time it will rearrange the sara and kalai ottam itself. For example in ancient age siddhars used Urakka kaalam for anesthesia purpose during surgery. The mathirai to be given in the point for anesthesia was according to the type of surgery. The point induces the sleep according to the mathirai level. After some time the patient will wake up normally. In martial arts the point was used for temporary loss of coordination.

Varmam points are the vital points which present all over the body; many literatures quoted that there are totally 108 varmam points. They are in the pathway of dhasanaadi, dhasavayu, saram. They pass the pranan energy from sole of the foot to universe through the nose. The naadis present in the forehead are 7000, in both ears 3300, in both eyes 4000, in nose 3380, in pidari and shoulder region 6000. There are many classifications about varmam points such as padu varmam, thodu varmam, vatha varmam, adhara varmam etc… now we can see some important classifications.

According to Varma sastras these are 12 in number. These points are mainly situated in the pathway of Vagus nerve, main vessels and internal organs. If a Paduvarmam point hit by humans or weapons the man will die immediately or after some time. If the mathirai level is ¾ or 1 the man will definitely die. If the mathirai level is ¼ or ½ we can save the man by proper treatment and medication. By treatment we can save the life but after some years it may create some problems in our body, by taking medicine for Pazhaya varmam we can definitely save the life. The first varmam point that created in our body Thilartha kaalam, it is in the literature of Narambu vagada suthira thiravugol, varmakandi, varma chuthiram. But some other literatures noted that Uchi padhappa kaalam is the first point, the literatures are Varma beerangi, Varma kannadi.

The 12 Paduvarmam points

These points are very important, because we can calculate the other varmam points by these points only.

The varma points present in the body are 108, head and neck are 25.A song from a literature which giving details about the location of the points in the head and neck

The podhu thadaval  murai methods do proper  alignment of  the  nerves, blood vessels, bones and muscles. With the help of medicated oils we should do the techniques. After that we have to realign the sara ottam and jeeva ottam in all varma points. By this we can give good health to the patient.

“தானன தலை நடுவில் கொண்டைகொல்லி
சநேன்றதுகுங் கீழ் சீருங்கோல்லி
ஊனன  இதற்கு  நலன்குலத்தின்  கீழே
உற்றதொரு  பிடரி வர்மமாகும் பரு
என்ன  உச்சியிலே  இருந்து  எட்டு  விரல்  கீழ்
சரிதி  வர்மமேனவே சொல்வர்
வாணன் இதற்கு இரு  விரலின்  கீழே
மகிமையுள்ள  போர்சை  என்ற  காலமே”

“காலமாம்  அதுக்கும்  ஒரு  இறைக்கும்  கீழ்
கனமான  குதி  என்ற  காலமாகும்
மூலமாம்  காதில்  சிருதண்டருகில்  தானே
முறையன்  செவிகுதி  கலமேன்பர்
காலமாம்  இதில்  இரண்டிரைக்கும்  மேலே
குணமான  பொய்கை  என்ற  காலமாகும்
தூலமம்  கடைகண்ணில்  இறைக்குள்ளே  தன
துலங்குகின்ற  நட்சத்திர களமென்னே ”

“என்னவே  இதுக்கும்  இரண்டிரைக்கும்  கீழே
இதமான  கம்பூதறி  காலமாகும்
துள்ளவே  அதற்கு  மேல்  வளம்  இறை  மூன்றில்  தன
சுருக்கான  மூர்த்தி  என்ற  கலமேன்பர்
முன்னமே  சொன்னதின்  கீழ்  அரை  இறைக்குள்ளே
முறையான  திலர்தமென்ற  காலமாகும்
இன்னுமே  அரை  இறையின்  கீழ்  மின்வெட்டி  வர்மம்
இசைந்த  கருவிழியருகில்  மந்திரகலமே ”

“மந்திரமாம்  கலதொடக  வர்மம்
வலுவாக  இருபுரமுமேனவே  சொல்வர்
அந்தரமம்  மச்சி  நாடு  நேர்  வர்மமாகும்
அதுக்கும்  அரை  இறையின்  keel  பசி  வர்மம்
சுந்தரமாம்  நாசி  மதி  கண்ணாடி  காலம்
துல்லியமாய்  கண்ட  நாடு  பல  வர்மமாகும்
மந்திரமாம்  அதனருகில்  சுண்டிகை  காலம்
சொல்லு  வர்மத்தின்  அருகில்  கோண  வர்மமே ”

“குரியன  செவியின்  கீழ்  அங்குலமே  நாளில்
குறுகிற  உதிரகலமது  ஆகும்  ஆகும்
நெறியான  கீழ்  நாடி  ஒட்டு  வர்மம்
நின்றவை  அருகுரண்டும்  உரக்க  காலம்
அறிவான  குரல்  வலையில்  சங்கு  திரி  காலம்
அதுக்குங்  கீழ்  அங்குலம்  நாளில்  சிமை  வர்மாந்தன்
பொறியான  பொறியது  தன  கழுத்தின்  மேலே
பூண்ட  உச்சி  தணிக்கும்  கீழ்  புகல்தவரே ”

 “Thaanana thalai naduvil kondaikolli

Chanendrathukung keel cheerungolli

Oonana idharku nalangulathin keele

Utrathoru pidari varmamagum paru

Enana uchiyile irundhu ettu viral keel

Charidhi varmamenave solvar

Vanana idharku iru viralin keele

Magimayulla porchai endra kalame”

“Kaalamam adhukkum oru iraikkum keel

Ganamana kuthi endra kalamagum

Moolamam kadhil siruthandarugil thane

Murayan chevikuthi kalamenbar

Kalamam idhil irandiraikkum mele

Gunamana poigai endra kalamagum

Thoolamam kadaikannil iraikkulle than

Thulangugindra natchathira kalamenne”

“Ennave idhukkum irandiraikkum keele

Idhamana kamboodhari kalamagum

Thullave adharku mel valam irai moondril than

Surukkana moorthi endra kalamenbar

Munname sonnadhin keel arai iraikkulle

Murayana thilardhamendra kalamagum

Innume arai irayin keel minvetti varmam

Isaindha karuvizhiyarugil mandhirakalame”

“Mandhiramam kalathodaga varmam

Valuvaga irupuramumenave solvar

Andharamam machai nadu ner varmamagum

Adhukkum arai irayin keel  pachi varmam

Sundharamam nasi mathi kannadi kaalam

Thulliyamai kanda nadu pala varmamagum

Mandhiramam adhanarugil sundigai kaalam

Sollu varmathin arugil kona varmame”

“Kuriyana cheviyin keel angulame naalil

Kurugira udhirakalamadhu agum agum

Neriyana keel naadi ottu varmam

Nindravai arugurandum urakka kaalam

Arivana kural valayil sangu thiri kaalam

Adhukkung keel angulam naalil simai varmandhan

Poriyana poriyadhu than kazhuthin mele

Poonda uchi thanaikkum keel pugalthavare”

1.       Kondai kolli – in the vertex of the skull

2.       Cheerungolli – 8 fingers from the back of kondai kolli

3.       Pidari varmam – 4 fingers from the back of cheerungolli

4.       Charidhi varmam – 8 fingers from kondaikolli in the lateral side of the skull above the ear

5.       Porchai kaalam – 2 fingers below the charidhi varmam

6.       Kuthi kaalam – 1 irai below to porchai kaalam

7.       Chevi kuthi kaalam – back of the ear lobule (on the stylo mastoid foramen)

8.       Poigai kaala varmam – 2 irai above chevikuthi

9.       Natchathira kaalam – near the lateral end of the orbit of the eye

10.   Kaamboodhati kaalam – 2 irai below the natchathira kaalam

11.   Moorthi kaala varmam – 3 irai near to kamboodhari kaalam in the medial side

12.   Thilartham – in the centre between the 2 eye brows

13.   Min vetti kaalam – ½ irai below thilartham

14.   Mandhira kaalam – it is situated between the eye and nose

15.   Neruppu varmam – in the centre of the vertebral column

16.   Pachi varmam – ½ irai below neruppu varmam

17.   Kannadi kaalam – in the centre of the nose

18.   Bala varmam – centre of the neck in the lateral aspect

19.   Sundigai kaalam – near bala varmam

20.   Kona varmam – near sundigai kaalam

21.   Udhira kaalam – four fingers below chevikuthi varmam

22.    Ottu varmam – in the centre of the mandible

23.   Urakka kaalam – below the mandible, near to neck

24.   Sangu thiri kaalam – in the adams apple

25.   Simai varmam – 4 fingers below sangu thiri kaalam


The treatment method for varma kaayanilai is in many methods, the main methods are

1.       Adangal methods – the treatment that given immediately after varmam injury

2.       Ilakku murai – the treatment that given immediately after varmam injury

3.       Thadavu murai – treatment method for Pazhaya varmam

4.       Marunthugal – treatment method for Pazhaya varmam

Now we can see some Adangal points. Adangal 108, Rathina kodi thiravugol and Narambu vagada suthira thiravugol are the literatures which contain the Adangal points.

1.       Alagu kamoodhari adangal – after varmam point injury if jaw lock happen do this adangal, the mathirai level is ½.

2.       Thavala adangal – after varmam injury if the patient couldn’t take water do this adangal.

3.       Poigai adangal – after varmam injury if the eyes directed upwards and couldn’t hear the sounds does this adangal, the mathirai level is ½.

4.       Uchi adangal – if the patient is unconscious do this adangal, if he does not get conscious that is Asathiam.

5.       Suzhimunai adangal – this adangal is very useful, all varmam injuries in head can be relieved by this adangal.

6.       Alagu sennadi adangal – after varmam injury if the patient is in sleep with snoring do this adangal.

7.       Mudi sudi adangal – after varmam injury if the patient’s mouth deviated with salivation do this adangal.

8.       Kurundhu adangal – after varmam injury if the patient is in the stage of delirium do this adangal.

9.       Prana sadhana adangal – after varmam injury if the patient’s tongue extended away from mouth do this adangal.

10.   Pen kuzhi adangal  – after varmam injury if the patient’s tongue pulled inside the mouth do this adangal.

11.   Udhira narambu adangal – after varmam injury if the patient developing high grade fever and rigors do this adangal.

12.   Eeradangal – after varmam injury if the patient is with fully opened mouth do this adangal


The thadavu murai are classified into two main parts, they are

1.       Podhu thadaval  murai

2.       Uzhl thadaval murai

After doing this, we should check whether the patient needs uzhlthadaval murai or not. If it is needed we have to align and stimulate the tissues and internal organs.

In the first three days of treatment we should only do podhu thadaval methods, then in the 4th and 5th day podhu thadaval  is done followed by uzhlthadaval .

Usually the treatment takes seven days. In the 6th and 7th day we should only do podhu thadaval.

At the end of the thadaval murai in all the days of the treatment,  we have to  give otradam, after that the patient should take hot water bath. After that the patient should take chukku kanji. The patient may take their food after an hour of these treatment methods. During the treatment days the patient must avoid sleep in the day time.

According to the patients health condition we have to give medicnes such as Karungozhi decoction, karungozhi nei or vellattu nei.

The patient should follow the following food restrictions after the thadaval  murai. Chicken,urid dhal, small gram and tamarind during the treatment days. Because it may lower the effects of the treatment.

The patient should take 3 months rest after the treatment. Importantly he/she should not have sexual contact and severe exercises during the rest periods.


We can treat many diseases and disorder through varmaniam treatment method. For that we need a detailed study about this through patients with modern correlation.

Attached is the image of marma points image:

marma points Front

marma points back

My Guru: Sri Prem Nath



One thought on “VARMA KALAI – The Art of Varma (Marmam)

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